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What is an ABI?

 What is an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)?

 An acquired brain injury, or ABI, is damage to the brain that was not present at birth and is non-progressive. The two categories of ABI are Traumatic and Non-Traumatic


Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) include :

   Road traffic accidents

   • Assaults

    • Falls

   • Penetrating or open head injuries

     • Sports injury or concussion


Non-Traumatic Brain Injuries include:


  • Stroke

   • Brain Tumours

   • Brain Aneurysms

   • Brain infections

   • Oxygen deprivation

   • Seizures

Brain injuries that are present at birth (congenital brain injury) and brain conditions that are degenerative, such as dementia, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis are not classified as acquired brain injuries


The Effects of an ABI 

Depending on the nature and severity of the injury, the consequences of a brain injury can range from quite subtle, to permanent cognitive and physical impairments and personality changes. It's no surprise that it can be a frightening and worrying time for those who experience a brain injury, and for their family and friends. 

Physical Cognitive   Emotional & Social
Fatigue Attention & concentration Confidence
Physical weakness Memory Tolerance (irritability & anger)
Headaches Planning, motivation, problem solving and multitasking Anxiety & depression
Seizures Language difficulties Impulsivity
Reduced mobility/coordination Slowed responses Relationship strain
Sensory loss   Loss of independence
    Role change


 for more information on Acquired Brain Injury.